Benin Driving Licence or Driver Permit

Benin Driving Licence: Obtaining a driving licence in Benin allows you to legally operate motor vehicles on public roads. Here is an overview of driving licences in Benin:

Types of Licences

There are different categories of driving licences issued in Benin:

  • Category A – Motorcycles
  • Category B – Motor vehicles up to 3,500 kg
  • Category C – Vehicles over 3,500 kg
  • Category D – Public transportation vehicles
  • Category E – Combination vehicles like road trains

Eligibility and Minimum Age

To qualify for a Benin driving licence you must:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Pass theory and practical driving tests
  • Complete classes at a certified driving school
  • Meet medical fitness requirements

Licence Validity

Licence validity periods in Benin:

  • Category A, B – 5 years
  • Category C, D – 3 years
  • Category E – 1 year

Licences must be renewed before they expire.

New Residents and Tourists

New residents can drive using foreign licences for 3 months. Tourists can drive for up to 6 months with a valid licence from their home country. An International Driving Permit is recommended.

Getting Your First Benin Driving Licence

Here is the process to obtain your initial driving licence in Benin:

1. Enroll in a Driving School

  • Find and register with a certified driving school.
  • Complete mandatory theory and practical driving lessons.
  • Training covers traffic laws, hazard perception, skills.

2. Pass the Theory Test

  • Take the multiple choice theory test at the licensing office.
  • Covers road rules, signs, regulations, traffic laws.
  • Score at least 14 out of 20 questions correctly to pass.

3. Pass the Practical Driving Test

  • Take the practical test assessing your driving skills on the road.
  • An examiner will evaluate your control, maneuvering and safety.
  • You must pass both theory and practical tests.

4. Obtain Your Licence

  • Visit licensing office with your passed test certificates.
  • Submit application, ID, medical certificate, photos.
  • Pay licence fee based on category.
  • Your photo licence will be issued.

Renewing Your Benin Driving Licence

To continue driving legally, you must renew your licence before expiration:

  • Licences can be renewed within 3 months of expiry.
  • Visit the licence office with your current licence.
  • Pay renewal fee and get updated licence card.

Replacing a Lost or Stolen Licence

If your Benin driving licence is lost or stolen:

  • File a report with the police documenting the loss/theft.
  • Apply for replacement at the licence office.
  • Provide the police report and old licence details if available.
  • Pay replacement fee.
  • You will be issued a duplicate licence.

Changing Your Address on Your Licence

When you change your residence address in Benin:

  • Notify the licence office within 15 days.
  • Provide proof of your new address.
  • Pay fee to update and replace your licence card.
  • New card will show updated address.

Getting an International Driving Permit

To drive in other countries, you may need an International Driving Permit (IDP):

  • Apply for IDP at the Bureau National des Assurances.
  • Bring your current licence, passport photos and photocopies.
  • Complete application and pay fee.
  • Carry both your licence and IDP when driving abroad.

Traffic Rules and Regulations in Benin

When driving in Benin, you must follow these main traffic rules:

General Driving

  • Drive on the right side of the road
  • Mandatory seat belt wearing
  • Require child restraints as appropriate
  • Yield right-of-way to pedestrians

Speed Limits

  • 40 km/h in urban areas
  • 90 km/h on open roads
  • 110 km/h on highways


  • Have licence and vehicle papers at all times

Alcohol Limits

  • 0.08% maximum blood alcohol content
  • Lower limits for commercial drivers


  • Speeding fines from 10,000 CFA francs
  • Driving unlicensed – fines up to 50,000 CFA francs

Resolving Traffic Violations and Fines in Benin

If you commit a traffic offence in Benin, here is how to deal with resulting fines:

Pay the Fine

  • Traffic fines can be paid at banks, post offices, police stations.
  • Pay within 15 days to avoid additional late fees.
  • Keep receipt as proof of payment.

Appeal the Fine

  • To contest, file written challenge within 15 days.
  • Submit any evidence supporting your dispute.
  • Fine may be reduced or waived if appeal upheld.

Licence Suspension

  • Licence may be suspended for serious offences.
  • Accumulating 10+ penalty points also results in suspension.
  • Attend driving school to reduce points and regain licence.

Failure to Pay

  • Unpaid fines referred for court enforcement after 45 days.
  • Additional legal fees and charges added.
  • Can result in driving privileges being revoked.

FAQ on Benin Driving Licences

1. How much does it cost to get a Benin driving licence?

Getting a new Benin driving licence costs around 25,000-35,000 CFA francs. This includes mandatory lessons, theory/practical tests, and fees for issuing the licence card. Renewal every 3-5 years is about 5,000 CFA francs.

2. What is the minimum age to get a driving licence in Benin?

The minimum age to obtain a driving licence in Benin is 18 years, for any vehicle category. Those aged 16-17 may be able to obtain a learner’s permit but cannot drive alone.

3. Can I exchange my French driving licence for a Benin licence?

Yes, Benin has agreement with France for exchanging valid French licences for equivalent Benin driving licences without needing to take exams. Proof of residence is required for new residents.

4. How do I replace my lost Benin driving licence?

Report the loss immediately to the police and apply for replacement at the licence office. Provide the police report and details of your old licence. Pay the replacement fee to obtain a duplicate licence.

5. Can I renew my Benin driving licence from overseas?

No, Benin driving licences cannot be renewed from overseas. You must be present in-person at the licence office in Benin to obtain the renewed physical card before the old licence expires.