Driving in Romania: A Comprehensive Guide to Road Exploration

Driving in Romania offers a blend of scenic routes through picturesque landscapes and navigating vibrant city streets. Whether you’re planning a road trip or commuting through urban areas, understanding the driving rules, road conditions, and practical tips can enhance your experience on Romanian roads.

Road Conditions and Traffic

Romania boasts a diverse road network that includes modern highways, rural roads winding through mountains, and cobblestone streets in historic towns. Traffic can vary from busy city centers to quieter countryside routes, making each drive an adventure.

Rules and Regulations

Driving Laws

  • Traffic Flow: Drive on the right-hand side of the road.
  • Speed Limits: Posted and enforced; typically range from 50 km/h (31 mph) in urban areas to 130 km/h (81 mph) on highways.
  • Seatbelts: Mandatory for all passengers.
  • Mobile Phones: Prohibited without a hands-free system.
  • Alcohol: Strict laws against driving under the influence; zero tolerance policy.

License Requirements

  • International Visitors: Can drive using their valid driver’s license from their home country alongside an International Driving Permit (IDP).
  • Residents: Must possess a Romanian driver’s license, obtainable through the Romanian Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Tips for Driving in Romania

  • Road Signs: Familiarize yourself with Romanian road signs and traffic signals, which may differ from those in your home country.
  • Weather Conditions: Be prepared for varying weather conditions, especially in mountainous regions where fog or snow can affect visibility.
  • Parking: Follow local parking regulations to avoid fines or towing.
  • Navigation: GPS or maps are recommended, especially in rural areas where signage may be limited.
  • Emergency Numbers: Know the local emergency contact numbers, including police (112), ambulance (112), and roadside assistance.
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FAQs about Driving in Romania

1. Can tourists drive in Romania?

Yes, tourists can drive in Romania using their valid driver’s license from their home country alongside an International Driving Permit (IDP) for the duration of their visit.

2. Are there toll roads in Romania?

Yes, Romania has several toll roads, especially on highways. Toll fees can be paid in cash or electronically using a prepaid electronic vignette (RoVinieta).

3. What are the speed limits in Romania?

Speed limits in Romania vary: typically 50 km/h (31 mph) in urban areas, 100 km/h (62 mph) on non-residential roads, and up to 130 km/h (81 mph) on highways, unless otherwise posted.

4. Is it safe to drive in Romania?

Driving in Romania can be safe if you follow traffic rules, drive defensively, and remain aware of local driving customs, especially in rural areas.

5. How do I obtain a Romanian driver’s license as a resident?

Residents of Romania can obtain a Romanian driver’s license through the Romanian Ministry of Internal Affairs by providing necessary documentation, passing a driving test, and paying applicable fees.


Driving in Romania offers a rewarding way to explore its diverse landscapes and cultural attractions. By understanding local traffic laws, preparing for varied road conditions, and staying informed, you can enjoy a seamless driving experience in this beautiful country. Whether you’re planning a scenic drive through the Carpathian Mountains or navigating city traffic in Bucharest, embracing these tips will ensure safe and enjoyable travels on Romanian roads. Safe driving!


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